Table 1

Body fat distribution and physical behaviors in men and women

CharacteristicnMen (n=403)Women (n=324)P value
Age (years)72753.3±6.253.7±5.90.450
Height (cm)727171.1±6.5158.3±6.1<0.001
Weight (kg)72773.7±17.783.5±18.8<0.001
BMI (kg/m2)72725.2±5.833.3±7.0<0.001
Accelerometry (min/day)
LPA727116.5±77.4121.3±49.60.333
MVPA72758.6±42.834.3±23.2<0.001
Sitting/lying675645.9±124.0613.9±128.70.001
Standing675197.5±86.7258.1±99.3<0.001
Sleep727421.0±84.3409.5±75.90.057
Total movement volume (mg)72715.1±6.012.4±3.5<0.001
DXA
Fat mass (kg)69219.2±8.436.5±10.7<0.001
Fat mass index (kg/m2)6926.6±2.914.6±4.2<0.001
VAT (cm2)69283.4±42.8102.7±43.7<0.001
SAT (cm2)692194.4±122.0456.9±149.1<0.001
Glycemia and insulin dynamics
Fasting glucose (mmol/L)7255.0±1.05.1±0.90.692
2-hour glucose (mmol/L)7205.9±2.56.3±2.30.064
Fasting insulin (mIU/mL)7235.1 (2.1–10.3)8.9 (5.2–14.5)<0.001
Fasting C–peptide (ng/mL)7231.5 (1.1–2.3)1.8 (1.3–2.5)<0.001
HOMA–IR7231.1 (0.5–2.3)1.9 (1.1–3.4)<0.001
Insulin sensitivity (mgl2/mUmin)7197.5 (4.0–14.0)5.0 (3.1–8.2)<0.001
Insulin secretion (ng/mmol)6282.3 (1.3–3.8)3.1 (1.8–5.1)<0.001
Basal insulin clearance (ng/mIU)7230.29 (0.20–0.40)0.20 (0.15–0.26)<0.001
Beta-cell function (mIU/mmol)610107.0 (56.6–195.2)138.2 (61.1–251.3)0.046
  • Values for DXA, glycemia and insulin dynamics are mean±SD or median (25th–75th).

  • BMI, body mass index; DXA, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry; HOMA-IR, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance; LPA, light intensity physical activity; MVPA, moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity; SAT, subcutaneous adipose tissue; VAT, visceral adipose tissue.