Table 3

HRs (95% CI) of diabetes across energy-adjusted quartiles of dietary pattern score in adult participants of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (n=6547)

VariableQuartiles of score
Q1Q2Q3Q4Ptrend*
HEI score
 Median score52596572
 Crude11.23 (0.97 to 1.58)1.20 (0.93 to 1.53)1.50 (1.18 to 1.90)<0.01
 Model adjusted†11.26 (0.99 to 1.62)1.07 (0.73 to 1.38)1.20 (0.94 to 1.53)0.21
Mediterranean diet score
 Median score3456
 Crude11.07 (0.87 to 1.31)0.83 (0.40 to 0.84)1.16 (0.57 to 1.40)0.17
 Model adjusted†11.02 (0.82 to 1.26)0.89 (0.63 to 1.24)1.06 (0.87 to 1.30)0.52
DASH score
 Median score18222630
 Crude11.10 (0.85 to 1.41)1.25 (0.98 to 1.60)1.70 (1.34 to 2.16)<0.01
 Model adjusted†10.93 (0.72 to 1.20)0.89 (0.69 to 1.15)1.13 (0.88 to 1.46)0.23
Sodium intake
 Median intake (mg/day)1651107313762293
 Crude10.97 (0.75 to 1.25)1.17 (0.92 to 1.49)1.28 (1.01 to 1.62)<0.01
 Model adjusted†10.98 (0.76 to 1.26)1.19 (0.93 to 1.52)1.31 (1.03 to 1.66)<0.01
Red meat
 Median intake (serving/day)0.030.120.370.66
 Crude10.85 (0.69 to 1.08)0.66 (0.52 to 0.84)0.69 (0.54 to 0.87)<0.01
 Model adjusted†10.91 (0.72 to 1.14)0.75 (0.58 to 0.95)0.85 (0.67 to 1.08)<0.01
  • *Test for trend based on ordinal variable containing median value for each quartile.

  • †Adjusted for age, sex, diabetes risk score, physical activity, smoking, dietary fiber, and total energy intake.

  • DASH, Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension; HEI, Healthy Eating Index.