Table 2

Respondent characteristics (N=487)

CharacteristicsDutch respondentsPolish respondents
n=226n=261
Age (years)† (mean±SD)51.6±17.239.4±13.4
Sex, n (%)
 Female116 (51.3)125 (47.9)
 Male110 (48.7)134 (51.3)
Type of diabetes, n (%)
 Type 165 (28.8)83 (31.8)
 Type 2158 (69.9)167 (64.0)
 Other3 (1.3)11 (4.2)
Number of years having diabetes,† mean±SD (median, range)9.5±9.1 (6.5, 0–60)6.1±7.1 (3, 0-53)
Current glucose monitor used as part of diabetes care†
 CGM or FGM38 (16.8)39 (14.9)
 Finger-prick testing only128 (56.6)211 (80.8)
 None60 (26.5)11 (4.2)
Checks glucose more than two times per day*83 (31.8)161 (71.2)
Uses insulin, n (%)120 (53.1)140 (53.6)
Health literacy, n (%)
 High102 (45.1)113 (43.3)
 Low124 (54.9)148 (56.7)
Numeracy*
 High195 (86.3)243 (93.1)
 Low31 (13.7)18 (6.9)
OECD educational level,† n (%)
 Tertiary100 (44.2)134 (51.3)
 Upper secondary/vocational114 (50.4)127 (48.7)
 Secondary or lower12 (20.8)0 (0.0)
  • *Significant differences between countries at p<0.05.

  • †Significant differences between countries at p<0.001.

  • CGM, continuous glucose monitor; FGM, flash glucose monitor; OECD, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; SD, standard deviation.